Hip Dysplasia in Dogs – Symptoms and Solutions

Hip dysplasia is one of the most common diseases that we hear about at Zoomadog. Here is a short article about hip dysplasia in dogs, with symptoms and solutions. At Zoomadog we have a fantastic range of natural supplements, hip braces and support aids to help your dog.

Hip dysplasia is one of the most common skeletal diseases in dogs and affects millions of dogs worldwide. As the disease progresses, a dog’s hip joints degenerate, causing increased pain and mobility issues for the dog. If left untreated, a dog will eventually be unable to use his/her hind legs and suffer extreme pain. However, the vast majority of dogs with hip dysplasia can lead full and active lives if the disease is diagnosed early enough and proper treatment is given and maintained.

Causes

The condition is caused by a looseness in a hip joint that should be tight. If the ball and socket of the hip joint do not sit properly, the friction causes degeneration of the joints, which eventually leading to loss of function in the hip joints.

Hip dysplasia is caused by a number of genetic and environmental factors.

  • Some dogs can be born with hip dysplasia (often referred to as early onset hip dysplasia). From an inheritance perspective, it is a complex disorder with multiple genes involved. Therefore, it is not something easily eradicated from a particular breed or lineage.
  • Dogs can also develop the disease in later years with the onset of arthritic conditions (often referred to as later onset hip dysplasia).
  • Environmental factors can also cause hip dysplasia. These can include: rapid weight gain and obesity, nutritional factors, poor hind limb muscle development, pelvic injuries, or repetitive strain injuries.

Early onset cases of hip dysplasia usually develops after four months of age. In young dogs, there is a laxity or joint looseness that develops as the dog grows. For later onset cases, the cause is usually due to a form of arthritis called osteoarthritis, which causes the joint cartilage to deteriorate. The onset can also be due to extreme “wear and tear”, often seen in working dogs, such as K9s and Search and Rescue animals who work on hard surfaces over many years.

Diagram of Hip Dysplasia
Diagram of normal hip bones (left) and hip dysplasia (right)

 

 

Breeds Affected

Hip dysplasia can affect all breeds, including mixed breeds. However, it is affects large and giant breeds more commonly than small ones. Some breeds are more genetically susceptible to hip laxity have higher instances of hip dysplasia, such as:

  • German Shepherd Dogs
  • Golden Retrievers
  • Labrador Retrievers
  • Rottweillers
  • Great Danes
  • Saint Bernards
  • Mixed breeds

Symptoms

Symptoms depend on the degree of joint looseness or laxity, the degree of joint inflammation, and the degeneration present. It’s important to note that the pain levels in a dog do not always corrolate with the disease’s progress. Some dogs with mild dysplasia may experience extreme pain. Whereas dogs with severe dysplasia may appear to be coping quite well.

Common signs of hip dysplasia include:

  • Exercise intolerance
  • Bunny hopping (especially up stairs)
  • Swaying gait (rear end moves back and forth in pronounced fashion)
  • Stiffness/pain
  • Difficulty getting up from lying or sitting positions
  • Sitting in “frog” position (one hip splays out)
  • Reluctance to run, jump, climb stairs
  • Evinces pain when touched
  • Hind-limb lameness, often worse after exercise
  • Back legs more close together than front legs (eg narrow stance)

As hip dysplasia progresses the following symptoms may appear:

  • Muscle waste in the hind quarters
  • Arthritis (especially in later onset)
  • Very reluctant to be touched
  • Unexplained aggressive behaviour

Solutions

  • Keep your dogs to the correct weight, as over weight dogs have more pressure on the joints
  • Hydrotherapy is fantastic for dogs with dysplasia
  • Use a dog hip brace ike the Orthodog hip brace, as this will support your dogs hips during exercise.

If you have any questions about product to get you manage your dogs displays, please call us on 01624 829575 to speak to a member of the Zoomadog team…